The pioneering force behind the rise of trip-hop, Massive Attack - Andrew ‘Mushroom’ Vowles, Grant ‘Daddy G’ Marshall and 3D (Robert Del Naja) - were amongst the most innovative and influential groups of their generation. Their hypnotic sound was a darkly sensual and cinematic fusion of hip-hop rhythms, soulful melodies, dub grooves, and choice samples, and set the pace for much of the dance music to emerge throughout the 1990s.
The group's first single ‘Daydreaming’ appeared in 1990 featuring Shara Nelson and Tricky. The classics ‘Unfinished Sympathy’ and ‘Safe from Harm’ followed. Finally, in 1991 Massive Attack issued their debut LP ‘Blue Lines’; whilst by no means a huge commercial success, the record was met with major critical praise and dubbed an instant classic.
After a three year break Massive Attack resurfaced with ‘Protection’. Working with Nellee Hooper (Soul II Soul) and Tricky, they also brought into the fold vocalist Nicolette and aEverything But the Girl's Tracey Thorn. Three singles - ‘Karmacoma’, ‘Sly’ and the title track - were released from the LP.
The third full length Massive Attack effort ‘Mezzanine’ appeared in 1998. In addition to reggae singer Horace Andy (his third consecutive LP appearance), vocal chores were handled by the Cocteau Twins' Elizabeth Fraser and newcomer Sara Jay. ‘Mezzanine’ topped the UK charts and produced successful singles such as ‘Teardrop’ and ‘Inertia Creeps’. Vowles left the band, whilst Del Naja and Marshall continued as a duo.
In February 2003, after a five year wait, Massive Attack released their fourth album ‘100th Window’, including collaborations with Horace Andy and Sinéad O'Connor. The fifth Massive Attack album ‘Heligoland’ (2010), featured collaborations with Horace Andy, TV on the Radio's Tunde Adebimpe, Elbow's Guy Garvey, and Martina Topley-Bird.